The number of people using air transport has reached four billion. This means that every second person on Earth takes at least one flight each year. Harmful emissions from air travel account for about 2% of CO2, but the number of passengers will strongly increase in the next 15 years. As a result, the demand for fuel and the absolute fuel consumption in the air transport sector will rise strongly; and with the higher total fuel consumption, greenhouse gases (CO2, NOx) will also increase in the near future.
Innovative solutions using space data provided by the European Satellite Navigation System Galileo spur the reduction of CO2 emissions and help to reach sustainable development goals. The Austrian start-up Aeroficial Intelligence offers a solution to analyse air and ground traffic at major airports. A Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) database of flight trajectories is used in combination with Artificial Intelligence to improve future aircraft movements during or before landing and take-off so that airports are more efficient and fuel can be saved which in turn will help reduce CO2 emissions and noise pollution.
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